Although there are no medications specifically approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat body dysmorphic disorder, medications used to treat other mental health conditions ― such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder ― can be effective. It’s not known specifically what causes body dysmorphic disorder.


I hated my nose so much that I didn’t want to get married or have children because I feared they would inherit it. While living in your private luxury facility, you will be receiving a first-class service and experience supreme hospitality by the whole team. Our biochemical imbalance can be affected by diet and stressful life events, but it often goes back to genetics and epigenetics. We do specific biochemical laboratory testing to determine an individual’s biochemical imbalance.

Don’t be afraid to call them out of it.

It can also be challenging for the loved ones of someone with body dysmorphia. If you have a friend or loved one with body dysmorphia, you may wonder how you can help them. Just like depression, just like anxiety, it is a mental health illness — not a problem with vanity.

So how is body dysmorphic disorder different from normal appearance concerns? Researchers have found evidence that while appearance dissatisfaction can range in severity, there is a distinct group of people with much higher appearance concerns, many of whom likely have the disorder. They feel much worse about their appearance than those with normal appearance concerns and experience greater anxiety, depression, shame and self-disgust about some aspects of their appearance.

However, we also know that misdiagnoses might still occur, which is why it is important for patients to be open about their appearance concerns in treatment and ask how the treatment plan addresses BDD specifically. The category of medications called serotonin reuptake inhibitors , also known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors , is considered the first-line medication treatment for BDD. These medications are antidepressants, but unlike non-SRI antidepressants they also help reduce obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors . They are effective for treating BDD, major depressive disorder, most anxiety disorders including obsessive compulsive disorder, and other conditions.

CBT strategies are practiced in the therapy sessions and as homework assignments between sessions in order to help individuals learn new skills and to use them in many different types of situations. This happens often and is understandable, as it is difficult to watch a loved one suffer. Therapists can be helpful in providing information about BDD and in working with family members to find more helpful and supportive strategies.

You may also perform repetitive actions, such as comparing yourself to others or grooming excessively, to address your perceived imperfections. They may take extreme steps to change or hide particular body parts. They may also avoid going out at all because of their imagined physical flaws.

Many men develop a subclass of BDD called muscle dysmorphia . Yes, BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder are related conditions. OCD and its related conditions form an entire class of mental health conditions, and BDD is part of that class. Most people with BDD don’t get a diagnosis until 10 to 15 years after the symptoms become serious enough to meet the criteria for diagnosis.

What can I do if I suspect a loved one has body dysmorphic disorder?

Body dysmorphic disorder , is a mental health disorder that involves an extreme preoccupation with minor or imagined flaws in one’s physical appearance. People with BDD feel overwhelmed by negative thoughts about their body or face. They may spend excessive amounts of time and/or money in attempts to conceal their imperfections or “fix” the way they look. The DSM-5 provides updated diagnosis criteria to help doctors distinguish the condition from social anxiety and other mental disorders.

Now that I’m on the other side of things and get to be an older buddy I’m trying to make all my buddies feel welcome and at home in my sorority. When I finally do find my little I know that it’ll be just as wonderful as when I found my big and I can’t wait to add a new member to my family. When she channels her inner Grace Kelly she is the essence of sophistication. New York deserves a representative as flawless as Blair. She has the drive to be the best and that sort of ambition is needed in a leader.

We recommend that CBT for youth with BDD incorporate both cognitive and behavioral approaches, as in the cases described above. For example, while establishing a therapeutic alliance is important for all patients, regardless of their age, building rapport and engaging the patient is especially important before beginning CBT with youth. Often, parents bring youth with BDD to treatment, and many youth will not want to be in treatment. Spending initial sessions learning about the youth’s interests, what is important in his or her world, and how he or she views BDD can go a long way toward establishing rapport. Using humor may help facilitate rapport, although this should be done with care, as patients with BDD tend to be rejection sensitive, and humor about BDD or the patient’s appearance is not advised.